The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an introspective self-report questionnaire designed to indicate psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions.
The MBTI was constructed by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers. It is based on the typological theory proposed by Carl Jung who had speculated that there are four principal psychological functions by which humans experience the world – sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking – and that one of these four functions is dominant for a person most of the time.
“The underlying assumption of the MBTI is that we all have specific preferences in the way we construe our experiences, and these preferences underlie our interests, needs, values, and motivation.”
The four scales used in the MBTI have some correlation with four of the Big Five personality traits, which are a more commonly accepted framework.
Katharine Cook Briggs began her research into personality in 1917. Upon meeting her future son-in-law, she observed marked differences between his personality and that of other family members. Briggs embarked on a project of reading biographies and subsequently developed a typology wherein she proposed four temperaments: meditative (or thoughtful), spontaneous, executive, and social.
After the English translation of Jung’s book Psychological Types was published in 1923 (first published in German in 1921), she recognised that Jung’s theory was similar to, but went far beyond, her own. Briggs’s four types were later identified as corresponding to the Is, EPs, ETJs and EFJs. Her first publications were two articles describing Jung’s theory, in the journal New Republic in 1926 (“Meet Yourself Using the Personality Paint Box”) and 1928 (“Up From Barbarism”). After extensively studying the work of Jung, they turned their interest in human behaviour into efforts to turn the theory of psychological types to practical use.
Jung’s typology theories postulated a sequence of four cognitive functions (thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition), each having one of two polar orientations (extraversion or introversion), giving a total of eight dominant functions. The MBTI is based on these eight hypothetical functions, although with some differences in expression from Jung’s model (see Differences from Jung below). While the Jungian model offers empirical evidence for the first 3 dichotomies, it is unclear whether the Briggs had evidence for the J-P preference.
Read more HERE
A diagram depicting the cognitive functions of each type. A type’s background colour represents its dominant function and its text colour represents its auxiliary function.
I took two different tests online, here are the results:
I – Introvert
N – Intuitive
F – Feeler
J – Judger
The words below made me smile. I get told this about my playlists all the time by my family. I brought headphones to save them. It’s thinking music. Thought provoking. A blend of feeling and realness. Now, housework requires a different tempo altogether. ;o)
A favourite of mine…Ludovico Einaudi – I Giorni
Playlist for book characters – Here
Love and light,